Yoga training improves metabolic parameters in obese boys

Dae Yun Seo, Sung Ryul Lee, Arturo Figueroa, Hyoung Kyu Kim, Yeong Ho Baek, Yi Sub Kwak, Nari Kim, Tae Hoon Choi, Byoung Doo Rhee, Kyung Soo Ko, Byung Joo Park, Song Young Park, Jin Han

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yoga has been known to have stimulatory or inhibitory effects on the metabolic parameters and to be uncomplicated therapy for obesity. The purpose of the present study was to test the effect of an 8-week of yoga-asana training on body composition, lipid profile, and insulin resistance (IR) in obese adolescent boys. Twenty volunteers with body mass index (BMI) greater than the 95th percentile were randomly assigned to yoga (age 14.7±0.5 years, n=10) and control groups (age 14.6±1.0 years, n=10). The yoga group performed exercises three times per week at 40-60% of heart-rate reserve (HRR) for 8 weeks. IR was determined with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). After yoga training, body weight, BMI, fat mass (FM), and body fat % (BF %) were significantly decreased, and fat-free mass and basal metabolic rate were significantly increased than baseline values. FM and BF % were significantly improved in the yoga group compared with the control group (p<0.05). Total cholesterol (TC) was significantly decreased in the yoga group (p<0.01). HDL-cholesterol was decreased in both groups (p<0.05). No significant changes were observed between or within groups for triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR. Our findings show that an 8-week of yoga training improves body composition and TC levels in obese adolescent boys, suggesting that yoga training may be effective in controlling some metabolic syndrome factors in obese adolescent boys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • HOMA-IR
  • Lipid profile
  • Obesity
  • Yoga (asana)

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    Seo, D. Y., Lee, S. R., Figueroa, A., Kim, H. K., Baek, Y. H., Kwak, Y. S., Kim, N., Choi, T. H., Rhee, B. D., Ko, K. S., Park, B. J., Park, S. Y., & Han, J. (2012). Yoga training improves metabolic parameters in obese boys. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 16(3), 175-180. https://doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2012.16.3.175