Yimas-alamblak tanim tok: An indigenous trade pidgin of new guinea

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Abstract

The Yimas-Alamblak trade pidgin, known as Tanim Tok in the Sepik River region variety of Tok Pisin, once functioned to accomplish regular exchange between the adult male members of the paympan clan of Yimas and their patrilineally-inherited Alamblak trading partners in the Sepik River region of insular New Guinea. The trade language is a pidginized form of the Papuan language Yimas, having significant input from the closely related Karawari language as well as exhibiting influence from Alamblak and other Papuan languages of the area. The language is now moribund and the data presented here is the only systematic linguistic documentation that will likely ever appear on this pidgin. Knowledge about language contact in this region of the world will enhance theories concerning the social and cultural factors which direct and motivate linguistic pidginization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-62
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Pidgin and Creole Languages
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Language and culture contact
  • Papuan languages
  • Sepik River societies
  • Trade pidgins
  • Yimas language

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