Yeast cell wall supplementation alters the metabolic responses of crossbred heifers to an endotoxin challenge

Nicole C.Burdick Sanchez, Tanner R. Young, Jeffery A. Carroll, Jimmie R. Corley, Ryan J. Rathmann, Bradley J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the effect of feeding yeast cell wall (YCW) products on the metabolic responses of newly-received feedlot cattle to an endotoxin challenge. Heifers were separated into treatment groups receiving either a Control diet, YCW-A or YCW-C, and were fed for 52 d. Heifers were weighed on d 0, 14, 36, 38 and 52. On d 37 heifers were challenged i.v. with LPS [0.5 μg/kg body weight (BW)] and blood samples were collected relative to LPS challenge. Heifer BW increased from d 0 to 36 and from d 38 to 52, but was not affected by treatment. Post-LPS, glucose concentrations increased and were less in YCW-A than Control and YCW-C heifers. Pre-LPS, insulin concentrations were greater in YCW-A and YCW-C than Control heifers. Post-LPS, insulin concentrations increased with YCW-C having greater insulin than Control heifers. Pre-LPS, NEFA concentrations tended to be less in YCW-C than Control heifers. Post-LPS non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations were less in YCW-C than Control and YCW-A heifers. Post-LPS, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations were greater in YCW-A than Control and YCW-C. These data indicate, based on NEFA and BUN data, that certain YCW products can enhance energy metabolism during an immune challenge without causing lipolysis or muscle catabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-112
Number of pages9
JournalInnate Immunity
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • LPS
  • cell wall
  • feedlot
  • metabolism
  • yeast

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