X-Ray Variability from the Ultraluminous Black Hole Candidate X-Ray Binary in the Globular Cluster RZ 2109

Kristen C. Dage, Stephen E. Zepf, Arash Bahramian, Arunav Kundu, Thomas J. Maccarone, Mark B. Peacock

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Abstract

We present the results of long-term monitoring of the X-ray emission from the ultraluminous X-ray source XMMU J122939.9+075333 in the extragalactic globular cluster RZ2109. The combination of the high X-ray luminosity, short-term X-ray variability, X-ray spectrum, and optical emission suggests that this system is likely an accreting black hole in a globular cluster. To study the long-term behavior of the X-ray emission from this source, we analyze both new and archival Chandra and XMM-Newton observations, covering 16 years from 2000 to 2016. For all of these observations, we fit extracted spectra of RZ2109 with xspec models. The spectra are all dominated by a soft component, which is very soft with typical fit temperatures of T ≃ 0.15 keV. The resulting X-ray fluxes show strong variability on short and long timescales. We also find that the X-ray spectrum often shows no significant change even with luminosity changes as large as a factor of five.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume862
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • X-rays: binaries
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters
  • galaxies: individual (NGC 4472)
  • galaxies: star clusters: individual (RZ 2109)
  • globular clusters: general

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