X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy study of nano-Eu2O3structural transformation under high pressure

Zhenhai Yu, Qinglin Wang, Yanzhang Ma, Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoscale materials exhibit properties that are quite distinct from those of bulk materials because of their size restricted nature. Here, we investigated the high-pressure structural stability of cubic (C−type) nano-Eu2O3using in situ synchrotron X−ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and luminescence spectroscopy, and impedance spectra techniques. Our high-pressure XRD experimental results revealed a pressure-induced structural phase transition in nano−Eu2O3from the C−type phase (space group: Ia-3) to a hexagonal phase (A−type, space group: P-3m1). Our reported transition pressure (9.3 GPa) in nano-Eu2O3is higher than that of the corresponding bulk-Eu2O3(5.0 GPa), which is contrary to the preceding reported experimental result. After pressure release, the A−type phase of Eu2O3transforms into a new monoclinic phase (B−type, space group: C2/m). Compared with bulk−Eu2O3, C-type and A-type nano−Eu2O3exhibits a larger bulk modulus. Our Raman and luminescence findings and XRD data provide consistent evidence of a pressure-induced structural phase transition in nano-Eu2O3. To our knowledge, we have performed the first high-pressure impedance spectra investigation on nano-Eu2O3to examine the effect of the structural phase transition on its transport properties. We propose that the resistance inflection exhibited at ∼12 GPa results from the phase boundary between the C−type and A−type phases. Besides, we summarized and discussed the structural evolution process by the phase diagram of lanthanide sesquioxides (Ln2O3) under high pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-548
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume701
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • High pressure
  • Nanocrystalline materials
  • Rare earth sesquioxides
  • Structural phase transition

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