Whole-genome sequence analysis of CTX-M containing Escherichia coli isolates from retail meats and cattle in the United States

Daniel A. Tadesse, Cong Li, Sampa Mukherjee, Chih Hao Hsu, Sonya Bodeis Jones, Stuart A. Gaines, Claudine Kabera, Guy H. Loneragan, Mary Torrence, Dayna M. Harhay, Patrick F. McDermott, Shaohua Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


In recent years, there have been increased reports on the detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella strains from food-producing animals and animal products in the United States. We characterized 18 ESBL E. coli isolates from cattle (n = 5), chicken breast (n = 5), ground Turkey (n = 6), ground beef (n = 1), and pork chops (n = 1) that were collected by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) between 2011 and 2015. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done against a panel of 14 antimicrobials followed by a secondary panel of 9 β-lactam agents. Whole-genome sequencing was used to characterize the resistome, plasmids, and the genetic structures of the ESBL genes. All ESBL-producing E. coli isolates were resistant to at least three antimicrobial classes and carried various blaCTX-M genes. Most of the cattle and ground Turkey isolates carried blaCTX-M-27. In chicken breast isolates, blaCTX-M-1 was present as part of an ISEcp1 transposition unit carried on a plasmid that shares sequence similarity with the backbone structure of the IncI plasmid. Isolates carrying the blaCTX-M-14 and blaCTX-M-15 genes, widely distributed in human clinical isolates, were also isolated. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the widely distributed blaCTX-M-14 and blaCTX-M-15 in E. coli isolates from retail meat samples in the United States. Different insertional sequences were identified upstream of these blaCTX-Ms, including ISEcp1, IS26, and IS903-D. CTX-M in E. coli from food animals and retail chicken breast were often present on plasmids with other resistance genes. Other resistance genes identified included aadA, strA, strB, aac(3)-IId, aac(3)-VIa, aph(3′)-Ic, blaTEM, blaHERA-3, floR, sul1, sul2, catA1, tetA, tetB, dfrA, and qacE. These data describe the emergence of CTX-M-carrying E. coli isolates in food animals and animal products monitored by NARMS program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-948
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial Drug Resistance
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 2018


  • ESBL

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