Where's the fracking bias? Contested media frames and news reporting on shale gas in the United States

Sherice Gearhart, Oluseyi Adegbola, Jennifer Huemmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydraulic fracturing, often called fracking, is a drilling technique that accesses previously inaccessible oil/gas reserves. Although the process could aid U.S. energy independence, it is controversial and public opinion is divided. Guided by agenda-setting and framing, this study content analyses news coverage of fracking (N = 524) across cable networks (CNN, Fox News, MSNBC). Results show cable news lacks substance and relies on thematic framing. While all networks failed to provide factual information, issue-related topics discussed and sources used vary ideologically. Theoretical and practical implications, which include the potential for priming audiences and influencing future behaviors and judgments, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Research and Social Science
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Agenda-setting
  • Cable news
  • Environmental journalism
  • Fracking
  • Framing

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