Weed control and sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) response to preplant incorporated herbicides and method of incorporation

W. James Grichar, Peter A. Dotray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Field studies were conducted at two sesame-growing regions of Texas in 2004 and 2005 to determine weed control and sesame response to four dinitroaniline herbicides and their method of incorporation. Ethalfluralin, pendimethalin (formulated as Prowl EC), and trifluralin were applied at the frac(1, 2)X, 1X, and 2X of the suggested label dose for Gossypium hirsutum L. Pendimethalin (formulated as Prowl H2O) was applied at the frac(3, 4)X, 1X, and 1frac(1, 4)X rate. Two methods of incorporation included rolling cultivator mixing wheels and spring tooth harrow. With rolling cultivator mixing wheels, all herbicides controlled Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) J.D. Sauer at least 74% regardless of dose. The frac(1, 2)X dose of ethalfluralin and pendimethalin (formulated as Prowl EC), or the frac(3, 4)X and 1frac(1, 4)X dose of pendimethalin (formulated as Prowl H2O) controlled Brachiaria platyphylla (Griseb.) Nash no better than 73% while all other doses of the herbicides controlled B. platyphylla at least 80%. The use of mixing wheels to incorporate the herbicides resulted in better sesame stands and less stunting than the use of the spring tooth harrow; however, sesame stands were reduced as herbicide rate increased when using mixing wheels. Ethalfluralin at the 1X dose, pendimethalin (formulated as Prowl H2O) at the frac(3, 4)X dose, and trifluralin at the frac(1, 2)X dose produced the highest sesame yield while ethalfluralin at the 2X dose produced the lowest yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1826-1830
Number of pages5
JournalCrop Protection
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Crop injury
  • Crop yield
  • Herbicide incorporation

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