Wavefield iterative deconvolution to remove multiples and produce phase specific Ps receiver functions

A. Ainiwaer, H. Gurrola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Common conversion point stacking or migration of receiver functions (RFs) and H-k (H is depth and k is Vp/Vs) stacking of RFs has become a common method to study the crust and upper mantle beneath broad-band three-component seismic stations. However, it can be difficult to interpret Pds RFs due to interference between the Pds, PPds and PSds phases, especially in the mantle portion of the lithosphere. We propose a phase separation method to isolate the prominent phases of the RFs and produce separate Pds, PPds and PSds 'phase specific' receiver functions (referred to as PdsRFs, PPdsRFs and PSdsRFs, respectively) by deconvolution of the wavefield rather than single seismograms. One of the most important products of this deconvolution method is to produce Ps receiver functions (PdsRFs) that are free of crustalmultiples. This is accomplished by using H-k analysis to identify specific phases in the wavefield from all seismograms recorded at a station which enables development of an iterative deconvolution procedure to produce the above-mentioned phase specific RFs. We refer to this method as wavefield iterative deconvolution (WID). The WID method differentiates and isolates different RF phases by exploiting their differences in moveout curves across the entire wave front. We tested the WID by applying it to synthetic seismograms produced using a modified version of the PREM velocity model. The WID effectively separates phases from each stacked RF in synthetic data. We also applied this technique to produce RFs from seismograms recorded at ARU (a broad-band station in Arti, Russia). The phase specific RFs produced using WID are easier to interpret than traditional RFs. The PdsRFs computed using WID are the most improved, owing to the distinct shape of its moveout curves as compared to the moveout curves for the PPds and PSds phases. The importance of this WID method is most significant in reducing interference between phases for depths of less than 300 km. Phases from deeper layers (i.e. P660s as compared to PP220s) are less likely to be misinterpreted because the large amount of moveout causes the appropriate phases to stack coherently if there is sufficient distribution in ray parameter. WID is most effective in producing clean PdsRFs that are relatively free of reverberations whereas PPdsRFs and PSdsRFs retain contamination from reverberations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2016-2030
Number of pages15
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Body waves
  • Composition and structure of the continental crust
  • Composition and structure of the mantle
  • Crustal imaging


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