The overall management of water infrastructure systems can have complexity due to the age of the system, various funding sources and distribution throughout infrastructure, policy/governance, and types of short- and long-term sustainment approaches. A systems-level analysis would help in overall optimization where this, in some instances, will require the sub-optimization of components within the system to achieve the desired state. In this paper, the authors define these states along with the identified constraints and obstacles of the system to help satisfy needed improvements. An optimized system is more resilient to stress, an important outcome for water resource systems. In performance of this analysis, the needs for effective resource infrastructure management would uncover potential system improvements to aid in both short- and long-term sustainability. Improvements in operations management and resource policy would be gained and would help optimize the overall system. This supports and contributes to obtaining an optimized and desired future state. The approach outlined in this paper has implications beyond water resource management. The insights generated from this analysis can be applied to the management of other commons type resources as well as to other industry sectors. In thinking beyond just one system type, and based on isomorphic similarities, this type of systems approach can carry over to help improve and optimize other resource type infrastructure systems. It is anticipated that the commonality will improve other sustainment approaches used across industries.