Visual search of trained and untrained drivers in a driving simulator 1

Yasuhiro Seya, Hidetoshi Nakayasu, Patrick Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


To investigate the effects of driving experience on visual search during driving, we measured eye movements during driving tasks using a driving simulator. We evaluated trained and untrained drivers for selected driving road section types (for example, intersections and straight roads). Participants in the trained group had received driving training by the simulator before the experiment, while the others had no driving training by it. In the experiment, the participants were instructed to drive safely in the simulator. The results of scan paths showed that eye positions were less variable in the trained group than in the untrained group. Total eye-movement distances were shorter, and fixation durations were longer in the trained group than in the untrained group. These results suggest that trained drivers may perceive relevant information efficiently with few eye movements by using their anticipation skills and useful field of view, which may have been developed through their driving training in the simulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-252
Number of pages11
JournalJapanese Psychological Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008



  • Anticipation skill
  • Driving experience
  • Driving simulator
  • Eye movements
  • Useful field of view

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