Vibrational Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Gelation Transition in Nafion Ionomer Dispersions

Ying Liang, Jay P. Kitt, Shelley D. Minteer, Joel M. Harris, Carol Korzeniewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


<jats:p> Infrared and Raman spectroscopy techniques were applied to investigate the drying and aggregation behavior of Nafion ionomer particles dispersed in aqueous solution. Gravimetric measurements aided the identification of gel-phase development within a series of time-resolved spectra that tracked transformations of a dispersion sample during solvent evaporation. A spectral band characteristic of ionomer sidechain end group vibration provided a quantitative probe of the dispersion-to-gel change. For sets of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectra, adherence to Beer's law was attributed to the relatively constant refractive index in the frequency region of hydrated –[Formula: see text] group vibrations as fluorocarbon-rich ionomer regions aggregate in forming the structural framework of membranes and thin films. Although vibrational bands associated with ionomer backbone CF<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> stretching vibrations were affected by distortion c
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-384
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
StatePublished - 2021


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