Value of feather meal in a molasses-based liquid supplement fed to yearling cattle consuming a forage diet.

F. M. Pate, W. F. Brown, A. C. Hammond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrolyzed feather meal (FM) was compared to other sources of CP to determine its value as a protein source in a molasses-based liquid supplement. Ruminal N escape values (measured in situ) for FM, ring-dried blood meal, cottonseed meal, and soybean meal approximated reported values. Ruminal N escape value for catfish meal was lower than values reported for other fish meals. In two trials (194 d), 84 yearling heifers were allotted to 12 pastures (3 pastures/treatment) and fed one of four supplements (1.7 kg of DM.heifer-1.d-1) containing either molasses and urea; molasses, urea,and FM; molasses, urea, FM, and catfish meal; or molasses, urea, FM, and catfish oil. Heifers were exposed to bulls for 60 d. In two trials, 112 steers were allotted to 16 pastures (4 Pastures/treatment) and fed one of four supplements (1.7 kg of DM.steer-1.d-1) containing molasses and urea; molasses, urea and FM; molasses, urea, FM and ring-dried poultry blood meal; or molasses, urea, and poultry feathers and blood hydrolyzed together. In all trials, cattle fed molasses containing FM had faster gains (P < .05) and heifers had heavier live weights at breeding (P < .05) and higher pregnancy rates (P < .05) than cattle fed molasses and urea. Combining poultry blood with molasses, urea, and FM improved (P < .05) steer gains in one of two trials. Combining catfish meal with molasses, urea, and FM did not improve (P > .05) ADG of pregnancy rate of heifers. Combining catfish oil with molasses, urea, and FM increased (P < .05) ADG in one trial and blood cholesterol and live weight of heifers at breeding in both trials. It is concluded that protein feeds, such as FM, that contain a large portion of ruminally undegradable protein may provide much of the CP in liquid supplements fed to growing cattle consuming moderate-quality forage. Adding catfish oil to a liquid supplement may improve ADG and live weight of yearling heifers at breeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2865-2872
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume73
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

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