Validation of the Integrative Hope Scale in a Chinese college student population

Shengnan Li, Paul B. Ingram, Changming Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, the Integrative Hope Scale (HIS) was developed and validated in several Western cultures. Because of its multidimensional structure and its relational components, we wondered if IHS could be a useful instrument for assessing hope in non-Western cultures. The current study translated and validated the IHS in a large sample of Chinese college students. Validity and reliability evidence for the IHS in Chinese culture was obtained by conducting Item Factor Analysis (IFA) across four different measurement models (e.g. a single factor model, a four-factor oblique model, a higher order factor model and a bi-factor model). Evidence of convergent and divergent validity was also gathered through correlation with measures of psychological well-being. Results indicate that the IHS is a valid measure of hope in Chinese college students. Discussions of specific aspects of the IHS and their applicability in the Chinese culture are provided. Implications for research and interpretation with the IHS are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-218
Number of pages18
JournalCounselling Psychology Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021


  • Hope
  • cross culture
  • item factor analysis
  • measurement
  • psychological well-being


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