Validation of a Lithuanian-Language Version of the Brunel Mood Scale: The BRUMS-LTU

Peter C. Terry, Albertas Skurvydas, Ausra Lisinskiene, Daiva Majauskiene, Dovile Valanciene, Sydney Cooper, Marc Lochbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mood can be considered as a diffuse and global emotional state, with both valence and arousal characteristics, that is not directed towards a specific object. Investigation of moods in specific language and cultural contexts relies on the availability of appropriately validated measures. The current study involved the translation and validation of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) from English into Lithuanian. The 24-item, 6-factor scale, referred to as the BRUMS-LTU, was administered to 746 participants who were fluent in Lithuanian (nmen = 199 (26.7%), nwomen = 547 (73.3%); age range = 17–78 years, M = 41.8 years, SD = 11.4 years). Confirmatory factor analysis showed an adequate fit of the hypothesized measurement model to the data (CFI = 0.954, TLI = 0.944, RMSEA = 0.060 [CI 0.056, 0.064], SRMR = 0.070) and multi-sample analysis supported configural, metric, scalar, and residual invariance across genders. Concurrent measures (i.e., Perceived Stress Scale, Big Five Personality Test) correlated with subscale scores in line with theoretical predictions, supporting both convergent and divergent validity. Internal consistency coefficients of the six subscales were satisfactory. Mood scores varied significantly by gender, with men generally reporting more positive moods than women. Findings support the adequacy of the psychometric properties of the BRUMS-LTU. Thus, the scale can be recommended for use in further psychological studies of mood in Lithuania and may also be useful for applied practitioners.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4867
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • Lithuania
  • affect
  • emotion
  • mood profiling


Dive into the research topics of 'Validation of a Lithuanian-Language Version of the Brunel Mood Scale: The BRUMS-LTU'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this