Utilization of forage fiber by ruminants

M. L. Galyean, A. L. Goetsch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reviewing utilization of forage fiber by ruminants is a challenging, although extensive task. Probiotics are used widely in ruminant production. Males indicated that microbial cultures have been used primarily for either food preservation, as an aid to restoring gut function, or an agent to enhance feed utilization by ruminants. In the USA, beef cow and calf production systems vary regionally. In the Northeast, cool-season perennials are the forage base. Feedlot growing programs based on harvested roughages provide possible growing program for beef cattle; however, roughage and yardage costs place systems at an economic disadvantage. Breeds with large mature size and high genetic potential for productivity also tend to have slightly greater maintenance needs per unit of body weight. In developing countries, production economics may be less important, and application of existing technology may be the greatest limitation to increased forage use. Labor requirements for pasture-based production systems can limit forage use.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForage Cell Wall Structure and Digestibility
PublisherWiley
Pages33-71
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9780891182382
ISBN (Print)9780891181156
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015

Keywords

  • Animal productivity
  • Beef cow production
  • Calf production
  • Cattle breed
  • Feedlot growing program
  • Forage fiber utilization
  • Ruminant production

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