Uterine Cytology Collection: Swab/Brush

John J. Dascanio, Ryan A. Ferris

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Cytologic evaluation of the uterus involves the collection and interpretation of cells lining the uterus (endometrium) and within the uterine lumen. Endometrial cytology is a rapid, inexpensive technique to detect the presence of endometritis in a mare. Typically a swab or a brush is used to obtain a uterine cytology sample of the mare. This chapter discusses step by step procedure for performing the cytologic evaluation on the sample. It discusses precautions, and lists equipment and supplies, for performing the evaluation. The chapter also discusses the evaluation of uterine epithelial cells, debris, white blood cells (WBCs), red blood cells (RBCs) and bacteria of the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEquine Reproductive Procedures
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781118904398
ISBN (Print)9780470960394
StatePublished - Aug 25 2014


  • Bacteria
  • Brush
  • Debris
  • Endometritis
  • Mare
  • Red blood cells (RBCs)
  • Swab
  • Uterinecytology sample
  • White blood cells (WBCs)


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