Uptake, elimination, and relative distribution of perchlorate in various tissues of channel catfish

June Woo Park, Carrie M. Bradford, Jacques Rinchard, Fujun Liu, Mike Wages, Aaron Waters, Ronald J. Kendall, Todd A. Anderson, Christopher W. Theodorakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the kinetics of uptake and elimination of perchlorate in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Perchlorate - an oxidizer used in solid fuel rockets, fireworks, and illuminating munitions - has been shown to effect thyroid function, causing hormone disruption and potential perturbations of metabolic activities. For the uptake study, catfish were exposed to 100 mg/L sodium perchlorate for 12 h to 5 d in the laboratory. Perchlorate in tissues was analyzed using ion chromatography. The highest perchlorate concentrations were found in the head and fillet, indicating that these tissues are the most important tissues to analyze when determining perchlorate uptake into large fish. To calculate uptake and elimination rate constants for fillet, gills, G-I tract, liver, and head, fish were exposed to 100 ppm sodium perchlorate for 5 days, and allowed to depurate in clean water for up to 20 days. The animals rapidly eliminated the perchlorate accumulated showing the highest elimination in fillet (Ke = 1.67 day -1) and lowest elimination in liver (Ke = 0.79 day -1).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7581-7586
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume41
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

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