Understanding engineering identity formation mechanisms in graduate and undergraduate education: A state-of-the-art matrix analysis

A. Elizondo-Noriega, N. Tiruvengadam, K. Cargile-Cook, J. Cross, M. G. Beruvides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

That engineers are a critical asset to any society that wishes to attain or sustain economic development cannot be understated. Engineers are known to possess unique skillsets and diverse professional characteristics that can be aggregated into what educators and psychologists refer to as “identity,” more specifically an “engineering identity.” Unfortunately, little is known about the mechanisms underpinning the formation of such identity. This work aims to determine the current state of the research concerning this critical area of engineering education and identify areas for future research. To do so, a State-of-the-Art Matrix (SAM) analysis is performed. Based on this study’s results, it is observed that engineering identity per se has not been fully studied at both the undergraduate and graduate levels of engineering education. Even among the limited studies found, the focus of research seems to have predominantly been on the undergraduate level. Such results also evinced two main streams of research concerning engineering identity, one that focuses on the general engineering identity and another one that aims to identify differences in the developed identities formed in engineers across diverse engineering disciplines. Also observed was the existence of only a few theoretical models explaining identity formation mechanisms in engineers. Further studies are recommended to improve the understanding of such a critical phenomenon in engineering education.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2020 IISE Annual Conference
EditorsL. Cromarty, R. Shirwaiker, P. Wang
PublisherInstitute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, IISE
Pages616-621
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781713827818
StatePublished - 2020
Event2020 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Nov 1 2020Nov 3 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2020 IISE Annual Conference

Conference

Conference2020 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2020
CountryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period11/1/2011/3/20

Keywords

  • Engineering Education
  • Human Development Mechanisms
  • Identity Formation

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