Deep ultraviolet emission from gadolinium (Gd)-implanted AlN thin films has been observed using photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The AlN epilayers were ion implanted with Gd to a total dose of ∼6× 1014 cm-2. Using the output at 197 nm from a quadrupled Ti:sapphire laser, narrow PL emission was observed at 318 nm, characteristic of the trivalent Gd ion. A broader emission band, also centered at 318 nm, was measured with excitation at 263 nm. The PL emission intensity decreased by less than a factor of 3 over the sample temperature range of 10-300 K and decay transients were of the order of nanoseconds.