Cellulosic biofuels have been proposed to replace part of traditional liquid transportation fuels. Cellulosic biomass is the feedstock in cellulosic biofuel manufacturing. Costs associated with collection and transportation of cellulosic biomass account for more than 80 percent of the feedstock cost . By processing cellulosic biomass into pellets, energy density and handling efficiency of cellulosic feedstock can be improved, resulting in reduction of transportation and handling costs. Ultrasonic vibration-assisted (UV-A) pelleting is one of important pelleting process which can make high quality pellets efficiently. The literature on UV-A pelleting covers studies about effects of input process parameters on pellet density, durability, sugar yield, charring, and pelleting force, but has little information about pelleting temperature. This paper presents an experimental investigation on effects of input variables on pelleting temperature. The pelleting temperatures at the different locations of a pellet were measured during pelleting using metal wire-typed thermocouples. Several pelleting parameters were varied to study their effects on pelleting temperature. Results obtained will be helpful in understanding why pelleting parameters affect pellet quality (density and durability), charring, and sugar yield.
- Cellulosic biomass
- Energy manufacturing
- Ultrasonic vibration-assisted pelleting