Tyrosine-Based Cross-Linking of Peptide Antigens to Generate Nanoclusters with Enhanced Immunogenicity: Demonstration Using the Conserved M2e Peptide of Influenza A

Logan R. Wilks, Gaurav Joshi, Megan R. Grisham, Harvinder Singh Gill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A method of creating nanoclusters (NCs) from soluble peptide molecules is described utilizing an approach based on a tyrosine-tyrosine cross-linking reaction. A reactive tag comprising histidine and tyrosine residues was introduced at the termini of the peptide molecules. The cross-linking reaction led to the creation of dityrosine bonds within the tag, which allowed for the generation of peptide NCs. We show that it is essential for the reactive tag to be present at both the "N"and "C"termini of the peptide for cluster formation to occur. Additionally, the cross-linking reaction was systematically characterized to show the importance of reaction conditions on final cluster diameter, allowing us to generate NCs of various sizes. To demonstrate the immunogenic potential of the peptide clusters, we chose to study the conserved influenza peptide, M2e, as the antigen. M2e NCs were formulated using the cross-linking reaction. We show the ability of the clusters to generate protective immunity in a dose, size, and frequency dependent manner against a lethal influenza A challenge in BALB/c mice. Taken together, the data presented suggest this new cluster formation technique can generate highly immunogenic peptide NCs in a simple and controllable manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2723-2735
Number of pages13
JournalACS Infectious Diseases
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2021

Keywords

  • M2e
  • antigen
  • influenza
  • peptide
  • tyrosine cross-linking
  • vaccine

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