Two-dimensional excitons in three-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride

X. K. Cao, B. Clubine, J. H. Edgar, J. Y. Lin, H. X. Jiang

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The recombination processes of excitons in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) have been probed using time-resolved photoluminescence. It was found that the theory for two-dimensional (2D) exciton recombination describes well the exciton dynamics in three-dimensional hBN. The exciton Bohr radius and binding energy deduced from the temperature dependent exciton recombination lifetime is around 8 Å and 740 meV, respectively. The effective masses of electrons and holes in 2D hBN deduced from the generalized relativistic dispersion relation of 2D systems are 0.54mo, which are remarkably consistent with the exciton reduced mass deduced from the experimental data. Our results illustrate that hBN represents an ideal platform to study the 2D optical properties as well as the relativistic properties of particles in a condensed matter system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191106
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number19
StatePublished - Nov 4 2013


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