Transposable element-associated microRNA hairpins produce 21-nt sRNAs integrated into typical microRNA pathways in rice

Christopher Rock, Fangqian Ou-Yang, Qing-Jun Luo, Casey R Richardson, Ying-Wen Jiang, Yue Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs (sRNAs) of ~21 nucleotides (nt) in length processed from foldback hairpins by DICER-LIKE1 (DCL1) or DCL4. They regulate the expression of target mRNAs by base pairing through RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC). In the RISC, ARGONAUTE1 (AGO1) is the key protein that cleaves miRNA targets at position ten of a miRNA:target duplex. The authenticity of many annotated rice miRNA hairpins is under debate because of their homology to repeat sequences. Some of them, like miR1884b, have been removed from the current release of miRBase based on incomplete information. In this study, we investigated the association of transposable element (TE)-derived miRNAs with typical miRNA pathways (DCL1/4- and AGO1-dependent) using publicly available deep sequencing datasets. Seven miRNA hairpins with 13 unique sRNAs were specifically enriched in AGO1 immunoprecipitation samples and relatively reduced in DCL1/4 knockdown genotypes. Interestingly, these sp
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
JournalFunctional & Integrative Genomics
StatePublished - May 27 2013

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