Translational control of secretory proteins in health and disease

Andrey L. Karamyshev, Elena B. Tikhonova, Zemfira N. Karamysheva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Secretory proteins are synthesized in a form of precursors with additional sequences at their N-terminal ends called signal peptides. The signal peptides are recognized co-translationally by signal recognition particle (SRP). This interaction leads to targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and translocation of the nascent chains into the ER lumen. It was demonstrated recently that in addition to a targeting function, SRP has a novel role in protection of secretory protein mRNAs from degradation. It was also found that the quality of secretory proteins is controlled by the recently discovered Regulation of Aberrant Protein Production (RAPP) pathway. RAPP monitors interactions of polypeptide nascent chains during their synthesis on the ribosomes and specifically degrades their mRNAs if these interactions are abolished due to mutations in the nascent chains or defects in the targeting factor. It was demonstrated that pathological RAPP activation is one of the molecular mechanisms of human diseases associated with defects in the secretory proteins. In this review, we discuss recent progress in understanding of translational control of secretory protein biogenesis on the ribosome and pathological consequences of its dysregulation in human diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2538
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Disease-causing mutations
  • Human diseases
  • Protein quality control
  • Protein synthesis
  • Protein transport
  • RNA degradation
  • Ribosome
  • Signal recognition particle (SRP)
  • Signal sequence
  • Translation regulation

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