Transitions into Adolescence

E. Trejos-Castillo, A. T. Vazsonyi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    1 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Traditionally, adolescence has been described as a passage from childhood to adulthood, marked by the gradual unfolding of biological, cognitive, psychological, and social transformations. From a more contemporary point of view, adolescence not only encompasses these transformations, but also represents a more complex set of changes that are embedded in a particular sociopolitical environment, in a cultural context, and during a specific historical period. In general, both theory and empirical research have shown that transitioning into adolescence is influenced by family and peer interactions, by school and community contexts as well as by individual characteristics. This article briefly highlights some of the most salient transitions during adolescence; it focuses, in particular, on three main normative developmental transformations: physiological and biological maturation, cognitive development, and socioemotional maturation. Along with those, we also discuss the social contexts in which these developmental transitions take place, namely, the family and social networks including peers and romantic relationships, and school. Finally, we provide a brief overview of the main challenges adolescents face during this transitional stage in contemporary societies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Adolescence
    PublisherElsevier Inc.
    Pages369-375
    Number of pages7
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)9780123739513
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Adolescent development
    • Career and vocational development
    • Cognitive development
    • Contemporary challenges
    • Developmental milestones
    • Normative development
    • Parent-adolescent relationship
    • Physical and mental health
    • Physiological development
    • Social networks
    • Socioemotional development
    • Transformations
    • Transitions

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