Transgenic plants of blue grama grass, Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Steud., from microprojectile bombardment of highly chlorophyllous embryogenic cells

G. A. Aguado-Santacruz, Q. Rascón-Cruz, J. L. Cabrera-Ponce, A. Martínez-Hernández, V. Olalde-Portugal, L. Herrera-Estrella

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Abstract

For the first time, the production of transgenic plants of the forage grass blue grama, Bouteloua gracilis [H.B.K.] Lag. ex Steud., is reported. Transgenic plants containing a gus :: nptll fusion driven by a double CaMV35S promoter were obtained by microprojectile bombardment of the highly chlorophyllous embryogenic cell line 'TIANSJ98'. Transformed B. gracilis cell lines resisted a lethal concentration of 160 mg/1 of kanamycin for at least 8 months. Chlorophyll development and growth rate were used as useful criteria for discriminating transformed from non-transformed clones. Stable integration of the transgene in the blue grama genome was demonstrated by PCR and Southern-hybridization analysis. Expression of the NPTll protein in transgenic plants grown under greenhouse conditions was confirmed indirectly by spraying kanamycin (150-250 mg/l) on plant foliage, and directly by ELISA immunological tests. Control plants sprayed with kanamycin showed foliar necrosis and reduced growth (tillering) compared to plants containing the transgene. NPTll was found in transgenic plants in levels ranging between 12.6 and 29.6 ng/mg FW of cells, as determined by ELISA reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-771
Number of pages9
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Bouteloua gracilis
  • Forage grass
  • Genetic transformation
  • Microprojectile bombardment
  • Transgenic grass
  • Turfgrass

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