Transcriptional regulation of p90 with sequence homology to Escherichia coli glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase

D. H. Shin, J. D. Paulauskis, N. Moustaid, H. S. Sul

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Abstract

We have previously isolated cDNA clones for several mRNAs that are dramatically increased in livers of fasted mice refed a high carbohydrate diet. We report here the sequence and regulation of one such mRNA; the 6.8-kilobase mRNA has an open reading frame of 2481 nucleotides, and the coded protein contains 827 amino acid residues (M(r) of 90,000) with a 30% identity and an additional 42% similarity in an approximately 300-amino acid stretch to Escherichia coli glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase. The p90 mRNA is highly expressed in liver and in adipose tissue. When previously fasted mice were refed a high carbohydrate, fat-free diet, the liver mRNA level for p90 was increased about 20-fold at 8 h. Administration of dibutyryl cAMP at the time of refeeding prevented the increase in the p90 mRNA by 70%. In addition, there was no increase in the p90 mRNA level when previously starved streptozotocin-diabetic mice were refed. In diabetic animals, the p90 mRNA level increased by 2-fold 1 h after insulin injection and reached a maximum of 19-fold after 6 h. The increase in transcription rate of the p90 gene preceded that of steady state mRNA level caused by fasting/refeeding, and cAMP abolished the increase in transcription. Transcription of the p90 gene was not detectable in either fasted or refed streptozotocin-diabetic mice, but increased 4-fold 30 min after insulin administration and further increased up to 8-fold at 2 h. On-going protein synthesis was necessary for this increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23834-23839
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number35
StatePublished - 1991

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