Transcriptional controls for early bolting and flowering in angelica sinensis

Mengfei Li, Jie Li, Jianhe Wei, Paul W. Paré

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The root of the perennial herb Angelica sinensis is a widely used source for traditional Chinese medicines. While the plant thrives in cool-moist regions of western China, early bolting and flowering (EBF) for young plants significantly reduces root quality and yield. Approaches to inhibit EBF by changes in physiology during the vernalization process have been investigated; however, the mechanism for activating EBF is still limited. Here, transcript profiles for bolted and unbolted plants (BP and UBP, respectively) were compared by transcriptomic analysis, expression levels of candidate genes were validated by qRT-PCR, and the accumulations of gibberellins (GA1, GA4, GA8, GA9 and GA20 ) were also monitored by HPLC-MS/MS. A total of over 72,000 unigenes were detected with ca. 2600 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) observed in the BP compared with UBP. While various signaling pathways participate in flower induction, it is genes associated with floral development and the sucrose pathway that are observed to be coordinated in EBF plants, coherently up-and down-regulating flowering genes that activate and inhibit flowering, respectively. The signature transcripts pattern for the developmental pathways that drive flowering provides insight into the molecular signals that activate plant EBF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1931
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Angelica sinensis
  • Early bolting and flowering
  • Gibberellin metabolism
  • Sucrose metabolism
  • Transcriptomic analysis


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