Toxicological evaluation of aflatoxin and cyclopiazonic acid in broiler chickens

Ernest Smith, L. F. Kubena, C. E. Braithwaite, R. B. Harvey, T. D. Phillips, A. H. Reine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The individual and combined effects of aflatoxin (AF) and cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) were evaluated in day-old Petersen x Hubbard broiler chickens to 3 wk of age. Treatments were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial with levels of 0 and 3.5 mg AF/kg of feed, and 0 and 50 mg CPA/kg of feed. Production performance, serum biochemistry, and gross pathological observations were evaluated. Body weight gain was significantly (P less than .05) reduced by AF, CPA, and the AF-CPA combination at the end of 3 wk. Aflatoxin significantly increased the relative weight of the kidney and serum concentration of blood urea nitrogen and decreased serum concentrations of protein, albumin, cholesterol, phosphorus, and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase. The toxicity of CPA was expressed through increased relative weights of the liver, kidney, and proventriculus, increased levels of uric acid and cholesterol, and decreased serum phosphorus. The activity of AF-CPA combination was characterized by increased relati
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-44
JournalPoult Sci
StatePublished - Jul 1 1992

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