Toward Design of the Prestressed Nano- and Microscale Aluminum Particles Covered by Oxide Shell

Valery Levitas, Birce Dikici, Michelle Pantoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prediction based on the recently developed melt-dispersion mechanism of reaction for nanometric (nano) and micrometer (micron) scale aluminum (Al) particles suggests a possible increase in particle reactivity if the alumina shell is pre-compressed and the Al core is pre-expanded. This prediction was checked experimentally by measuring the flame speed for Al and molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) thermites in a semi-confined tube. Pre-stressing was produced by heating particles to several elevated temperatures, holding them at a temperature for 10 minutes to relax thermal stresses, and cooling them at several rates to room temperature. For the optimal thermal treatment conditions (heating to 105°C and cooling at 0.13 °C/s), flame propagation speed increased by 31% for nanoparticles and for 41% for micron particles. Cooling at 0.06 °C /s after heating to 105°C and cooling at 0.06 °C /s and 0.13 °C /s after heating to 170°C either did not change the flame speed or increased it significantly less
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1417
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - 2011

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