Toward a sustainable conceptualization of dependent variables in entrepreneurship research

Boyd Cohen, Brock Smith, Ron Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations


Entrepreneurship researchers have yet to explore the full range variance that occurs in entrepreneurial value creation because we have focused almost exclusively on financial performance as the dependent variable in our research. However, such arbitrary narrowness is not supported by research, which shows entrepreneurs to not focus exclusively on income maximization. Consistent with calls for an expanded view of the consequences of entrepreneurship, we develop a typology of entrepreneurship dependent variables that supports broadening the scope of entrepreneurship research to include economic, environmental and social value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-119
Number of pages13
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008



  • Dependent variables
  • Entrepreneurship research
  • Sustainable entrepreneurship

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