Toward a Neurocognitive Understanding of the Algorithms That Underlie Metamemory Judgments

Timothy Kelley, Michael J. Serra, Tyler Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Neurocognitive research on metamemory thus far has mostly focused on localizing brain regions that track metacognitive judgments and distinguishing metacognitive processing from primary cognition. With much known about the localization of metamemory in the brain, there is a growing opportunity to develop a more algorithmic characterization of the brain processes underlying metamemory. We briefly review some current neurocognitive metamemory research, including relevant brain regions and theories about their role in metamemory. We review some computational neuroimaging approaches and, as an illustrative example, describe their use in studies on the delayed-JOL (judgments of learning) effect. Finally, we discuss how researchers might apply computational approaches to several unresolved questions in the behavioral metamemory literature. Such research could provide a bridge between cognitive and neurocognitive research on metamemory and provide novel insights into the algorithms underlying metamemory judgments, thus informing theory and methodology in both areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalZeitschrift fur Psychologie / Journal of Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • metacognition
  • metamemory
  • neurocognitive methods


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