## Abstract

In this expository paper, we show how the pressing down lemma and Ulam matrices can be used to study the topology of subsets of !1. We prove, for example, that if S and T are stationary subsets of ω1 with SΔT = (S -T)∪ (T - S) stationary, then S and T cannot be homeomorphic. Because Ulam matrices provide !1-many pairwise disjoint stationary subsets of any given stationary set, it follows that there are 2!1-many stationary subsets of any stationary subset of !1 with the property that no two of them are homeomorphic to each other. We also show that if S and T are stationary sets, then the product space S ×T is normal if and only if S ∩ T is stationary. In addition, we prove that for any X ⊆ ω1, X × X is normal, and that if X × X is hereditarily normal, then X × X is metrizable.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1989-2000 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics |

Volume | 50 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 2020 |

## Keywords

- Borel measure
- Borel sets Borel measure
- Club-set
- Countable ordinals
- Pressing down lemma
- Products of stationary sets
- Stationary set
- Ulam Matrix
- ω1