Time‐dependent failure of a polyolefin rubber candidate material for blood pump applications

G. B. McKenna, R. W. Penn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Failure behavior of a polyolefin elastomer which is a candidate material for blood pump applications has been studied under uniaxial and equibiaxial test conditions. Both static and dynamic (fatigue) testing were performed to study four aspects of material failure behavior as suggested by a cumulative damage failure model. Results from testing a standard formulation butyl rubber are presented for comparison. Our results show that the uniaxial failure behavior under static loads for the butyl rubber is superior to that of the polyolefin rubber at high loads but that the polyolefin is superior at low loads. Under fatigue loading conditions, the failure times for both rubbers decrease with increasing test frequency. The observed frequency dependence lies between that predicted by the cumulative damage model and that predicted by a cycle dependent fatigue model. The distribution of failure times for the polyolefin rubber is broader than that for the butyl rubber. For both uniaxial and equibiaxial testing, the distribution of failure times changes in going from the static testing to dynamic testing. This is true for both rubbers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-703
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1980


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