Time domain flutter and buffeting response analysis of bridges

Xinzhong Chen, Masaru Matsumoto, Ahsan Kareem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

306 Scopus citations


A time domain approach for predicting the coupled flutter and buffeting response of long span bridges is presented. The frequency dependent unsteady aerodynamic forces are represented by the convolution integrals involving the aerodynamic impulse function and structural motions or wind fluctuations. The aerodynamic impulse functions are derived from experimentally measured flutter derivatives, aerodynamic admittance functions, and spanwise coherence of aerodynamic forces using rational function approximations. A significant feature of the approach presented here is that the frequency dependent characteristics of unsteady aerodynamic forces and the nonlinearities of both aerodynamic and structural origins can be modeled in the response analysis. The flutter and buffeting response of a long span suspension bridge is analyzed using the proposed time domain approach. The results show good agreement with those from the frequency domain analysis. The example used to demonstrate the proposed scheme focuses on the treatment of frequency dependent self-excited and buffeting force effects. Application to nonlinear effects will be addressed in a future publication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000


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