Thermodynamic modeling of aqueous Na+-K+-Mg2+-SO42- quaternary system

Sanjoy K. Bhattacharia, Sheik Tanveer, Nazir Hossain, Chau Chyun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A comprehensive thermodynamic model based on the electrolyte non-random two-liquid (eNRTL) theory is developed for aqueous Na+-K+-Mg2+-SO42- quaternary system. The model accounts for the liquid phase nonideality by two binary interaction parameters per water-electrolyte and electrolyte-electrolyte pair. The temperature dependence of the binary interaction parameters is further correlated with three temperature coefficients associated with a Gibbs Helmholtz type expression. We obtain the binary interaction parameters for the H2O:(Mg2+ SO42-) pair, the (Na+ SO42-):(Mg2+ SO42-) pair and the (K+ SO42-):(Mg2+ SO42-) pair by regressing appropriate thermodynamic data. Integrated with other eNRTL binary interaction parameters in the literature, the eNRTL model accurately represents various thermodynamic properties of aqueous Na+-K+-Mg2+-SO42- quaternary system and its subsystems with temperatures up to 473.15K and electrolyte concentrations up to saturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
StatePublished - Oct 5 2015


  • Aqueous electrolytes
  • Electrolyte NRTL model
  • Magnesium sulfate
  • Solubility
  • Thermodynamic properties


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