Thermodynamic and kinetic study of cleavage of the N-O bond of N-oxides by a vanadium(III) complex: Enhanced oxygen atom transfer reaction rates for adducts of nitrous oxide and mesityl nitrile oxide

Taryn D. Palluccio, Elena V. Rybak-Akimova, Subhojit Majumdar, Xiaochen Cai, Megan Chui, Manuel Temprado, Jared S. Silvia, Anthony F. Cozzolino, Daniel Tofan, Alexandra Velian, Christopher C. Cummins, Burjor Captain, Carl D. Hoff

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Abstract

Thermodynamic, kinetic, and computational studies are reported for oxygen atom transfer (OAT) to the complex V(N[t-Bu]Ar)3 (Ar = 3,5-C 6H3Me2, 1) from compounds containing N-O bonds with a range of BDEs spanning nearly 100 kcal mol-1: PhNO (108) > SIPr/MesCNO (75) > PyO (63) > IPr/N2O (62) > MesCNO (53) > N2O (40) > dbabhNO (10) (Mes = mesityl; SIPr = 1,3-bis(diisopropyl)phenylimidazolin-2-ylidene; Py = pyridine; IPr = 1,3-bis(diisopropyl)phenylimidazol-2-ylidene; dbabh = 2,3:5,6-dibenzo-7- azabicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2,5-diene). Stopped flow kinetic studies of the OAT reactions show a range of kinetic behavior influenced by both the mode and strength of coordination of the O donor and its ease of atom transfer. Four categories of kinetic behavior are observed depending upon the magnitudes of the rate constants involved: (I) dinuclear OAT following an overall third order rate law (N2O); (II) formation of stable oxidant-bound complexes followed by OAT in a separate step (PyO and PhNO); (III) transient formation and decay of metastable oxidant-bound intermediates on the same time scale as OAT (SIPr/MesCNO and IPr/N2O); (IV) steady-state kinetics in which no detectable intermediates are observed (dbabhNO and MesCNO). Thermochemical studies of OAT to 1 show that the V-O bond in Oî - V(N[t-Bu]Ar) 3 is strong (BDE = 154 ± 3 kcal mol-1) compared with all the N-O bonds cleaved. In contrast, measurement of the N-O bond in dbabhNO show it to be especially weak (BDE = 10 ± 3 kcal mol -1) and that dissociation of dbabhNO to anthracene, N2, and a 3O atom is thermodynamically favorable at room temperature. Comparison of the OAT of adducts of N2O and MesCNO to the bulky complex 1 show a faster rate than in the case of free N2O or MesCNO despite increased steric hindrance of the adducts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11357-11372
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume135
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2013

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