Thermal property measurements of reactive materials: The macroscopic behavior of a nanocomposite

Amanda Gordon, Keerti Kappagantula, Michelle L. Pantoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study experimentally examined the thermal properties of reactive materials that are a composite of fuel and oxidizer particles. Three reactive materials were selected: aluminum (Al) with iron (III) oxide (Fe 2O 3); Al with Teflon (C 2F 4); and Al with titanium (IV) oxide (TiO 2). The experimental measurements were performed using a laser flash analyzer (LFA) and then compared with calculations based on weighted averages of each component in the composite. The effects of fuel particle size, oxidizer, and initial temperature on thermal properties were studied. Nanometric Al composites are more insulative than their micron-scale counterparts, exhibiting three times lower thermal conductivity in some cases. Increased overall contact resistance may be a key contributor to the reduction in thermal conductivity. The measured values deviated as high as 69 from weighted average estimates of thermal properties. These results suggest that factors not accounted for in weighted average estimates significantly influence the thermal properties of the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114503
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Volume134
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • aluminum
  • laser flash analyzer
  • nanocomposites
  • nanoparticles
  • reactive materials
  • thermal properties

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