Theoretical study of ammonia oxidation on platinum clusters - Adsorption of ammonia and water fragments

Damilola A. Daramola, Gerardine G. Botte

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Abstract

This study examined the adsorption of reactants (NH 3 and OH) and intermediates (NH 2, NH, N and H 2O) formed during the oxidation of ammonia by hydroxyl on platinum. Specifically, four clusters were used to model the catalytic surface in the Pt(111) orientation. Structural, electronic and vibrational properties were calculated using Density Functional Theory (DFT). The molecules resided in the favored positions predicted by prior experimental observations and DFT calculations, while the adsorption energies followed the trend: H 2O<NH 3<OH<NH 2<NH<N, with the weakest bonds formed by charge transfer and the strongest bonds formed by orbital overlap of unpaired electrons of the radicals and the d orbital of adjacent Pt atoms. Calculated frequency vibrations in this work showed sufficient agreement with experimental observation, challenged previously assigned frequency modes for NH 2, NH and H 2O and predicted the correct shift in frequency vibrations upon adsorption on platinum when compared with prior DFT calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalComputational and Theoretical Chemistry
Volume989
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • Amide adsorption
  • Ammonia adsorption
  • Ammonia oxidation catalysis
  • Density functional theory methods
  • Hydrogen production
  • Platinum catalyst

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