The usage of media across product classes: the influence of demographics and psychographics

SAMINA KHAN, DANN CHANG, PATRICIA E. HORRIDGE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the types of media used for four product classes, and to examine the effect of respondent's demographics and psychographics on the types of media. Eight hundred and four respondents were randomly selected from the population (8040) of five residential sections of Lubbock, Texas, by using systematic sampling. Different merchandise names representing the classes of product were listed in the questionnaire. The respondents were asked to rate each type of merchandise according to the order of media usage when they purchased the merchandise. One hundred and fifty‐two questionnaires were analysed by factor analysis, multivariate analysis of variance, and Friedman two‐way analysis of variance by ranks. Eight psychographic factors extracted by factor analysis were Traditional, Self‐confident, Satisfied with Finances, Satisfied with Friends, Living Optimist, Self‐conscious, Community Minded, and Homebody. Self‐conscious was the only factor to affect the consumers' usage of newspapers, television, radio, magazines and direct mail. In addition, the usage of television was affected by the Satisfied with Finances factor. The demographic variables of marital status, age, education, ethnic group, political outlook, occupation and social level influenced the usage of newspapers, magazines, radio, television and direct mail. The usage of television was affected by one's political affiliation. Income did not influence media usage. The findings indicated that the individual's usage of the newspapers, television, radio, magazines and direct mail was affected by the classes of products: convenience, preference, shopping and speciality goods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-198
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Consumer Studies & Home Economics
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992

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