The role of computerized modeling and simulation in the development of life support system technologies

Michael Modell, Peggy Evanich, Chau Chyun Chen, Selim Anavi, Jeff Mai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using conventional means of process development, it would take decades and hundreds of millions of dollars to develop technology for recycling of water and solid waste for lunar missions within the next thirty years. Since we anticipate neither that amount of time nor level of funding, new methodologies for developing life support systems (LSS) technologies are essential. Computerized modeling and simulation (CMAS) is a tool that can greatly reduce both the time and cost of technology development. By CMAS, we refer to computer methods for correlating, storing and retrieving property data for chemical species and for solving the phenomenological equations of physical/chemical processes (i.e., process conditions based on properties of materials and mass and energy balances, equipment sizing based on rate processes and the governing equations for unit operations). In particular, CMAS systems can be used to evaluate a LSS process design with minimal requirements for laboratory experimentation. A CMAS model using ASPEN PLUS is presented for a vapor compression distillation (VCD) system designed for reclaiming water from urine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-131
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

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