The relative rates of the boudouard reaction and hydrogenation of CO over Fe and Co foils

F. W.A.H. Geurts, A. Sacco

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Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the primary reaction responsible for carbon deposition when Fe and Co foils were exposed to a five-gas mixture of H2, CO, CH4, CO2, and H2O at 900 K and 1 atm. Binary (CO-CO2, and CH4-H2) gas mixtures were used to study the relative rates of carbon deposition; however, the role of H2 as a facilitator with CO-CO2 gas mixtures is left unanswered. A ternary gas mixture of H2-CO-H2O can be used to investigate the role of H2; however, this gas mixture results in an infinite a ̂c for carbon deposition via the Boudouard reaction. In order to simultaneously control the gas-phase carbon activity of both the Boudouard reaction and the hydrogenation of CO, it is necessary to use a four-gas mixture of H2, CO, CO2, and H2O. Reactions were carried out over Fe and Co foils at 900 K and 1 atm. The rate of carbon deposition was determined as a function of gas phase carbon activity ( a ̂c) of the Boudouard reaction and the hydrogenation of CO. By carefully choosing different four-gas mixtures, it is possible to simultaneously adjust the a ̂c of each reaction such that the a ̂c of CO hydrogenation is increasing, while the activity to form carbon deposits via the Boudouard reaction is decreasing, and vice versa. In this manner, the relative driving force for carbon deposition from each reaction can be controlled with H2 still present in the gas mixture, thus eliminating the question as to whether H2 enhances the Boudouard reaction. Results indicate that the hydrogenation of CO is the main reaction for carbon deposition at 900 K and 1 atm. Also, CO hydrogenation appears to govern carbide formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-418
Number of pages4
JournalCarbon
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Boudouard
  • CO hydrogenation
  • Carbon deposition
  • Co foils
  • Fe foils

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