The puzzling case of GRB 990123: Multiwavelength afterglow study

E. Maiorano, N. Masetti, E. Palazzi, F. Frontera, P. Grandi, E. Pian, L. Amati, L. Nicastro, P. Soffitta, C. Guidorzi, R. Landi, E. Montanari, M. Orlandini, A. Corsi, L. Piro, L. A. Antonelli, E. Costa, M. Feroci, J. Heise, E. KuulkersJ. J.M. In't Zand

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Abstract

We report on the BeppoSAX data analysis of the afterglow of Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) 990123, one of the brightest GRBs detected by BeppoSAX. Mainly due to its exceptional brightness, this is the only source for which the Wide Field Cameras have allowed an early detection of the X-ray afterglow between ∼20 and 60 min after the GRB trigger. Besides, again for the first time, high-energy emission from the afterglow was detected up to 60 keV. For the X-ray afterglow we found a power-law decay with index α = 1.46 ± 0.04; the spectrum has a power-law shape with photon index Γ ∼ 1.9. The backward extrapolation of the afterglow decay smoothly reconnects with the late GRB emission, thus suggesting that both emissions are produced by the same phenomenon. An extensive set of multiwavelength observations for the GRB 990123 afterglow made during the BeppoSAX pointing was collected from the literature. The hard X-ray to radio range coverage allowed to construct a spectral flux distribution and to perform an analysis of the GRB afterglow in the context of the "fireball" model. We also report the results of temporal and spectral analysis of an X-ray source serendipitously observed about 22′ north of the GRB afterglow, along with the optical spectroscopy of its possible counterpart to establish the nature of this source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-827
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume438
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Gamma rays: bursts
  • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
  • X-rays: general

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    Maiorano, E., Masetti, N., Palazzi, E., Frontera, F., Grandi, P., Pian, E., Amati, L., Nicastro, L., Soffitta, P., Guidorzi, C., Landi, R., Montanari, E., Orlandini, M., Corsi, A., Piro, L., Antonelli, L. A., Costa, E., Feroci, M., Heise, J., ... In't Zand, J. J. M. (2005). The puzzling case of GRB 990123: Multiwavelength afterglow study. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 438(3), 821-827. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20042534