The Plainview Bone Bed–New Insights from an Old Collection

Eileen Johnson, Patrick J. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plainview is a Paleoindian bison kill on the Southern High Plains (USA). This study examines whether the Plainview bison represent a chronologic marker, tests three models regarding the season of kill(s), and explores site size and number of kill events. Size difference in early Holocene southern grasslands bison is a matter of biogeographic variation of the same species rather than reflecting a time difference. None of the three models adequately addresses the season of kill or number of kills. A fourth model is posited based on a combination of the three, with kills taking place in spring, summer, and fall. The location of Creel’s bone bed is defined; this second bone bed indicates at least two major kills took place at the site Site purpose for summer kills may have been to support large group social activities. Plainview, larger and more complex than originally thought, is expanded to ∼1.3 hectares and is a persistent place on the landscape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-63
Number of pages21
JournalPaleoAmerica
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Keywords

  • Paleoindian
  • Plainview
  • biogeography
  • bone beds
  • seasonality

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