Eating disorders (ED) are psychological disorders that are characterized by abnormal eating, dysfunctional relationships with food, and a preoccupation with one’s weight and shape. The incidence of EDs in women ranges from 0.5 to 3 % with the incidence increasing from 1963 to 2013. Currently, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) recognizes two specific EDs: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), although there are subtypes associated with each. The DSM-IV-TR and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) have different criteria for diagnosing AN and BN. Early identification of an ED is associated with shorter duration and fewer medical complications. Yet, it is estimated that only about 33 % of AN patients and 6 % of BN are receiving proper treatment for their illnesses. Gastrointestinal upset, fluid and electrolyte imbalances are common in AN in the short term and can eventually lead to long-term complications such as, pernicious anemia, osteoporosis, and heart disease. On the other hand, BN can cause short-term adverse effects like erosion of the teeth, enlargement of the parotid salivary glands, and acidic stomachs leading to heartburn. Long-term adverse effects caused by BN are gynecological problems, hormonal disturbances, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension. Successful treatment of EDs should be managed with a team-based approach including the physician, psychologist, and registered dietitian.
|Title of host publication||The Active Female|
|Subtitle of host publication||Health Issues Throughout the Lifespan, Second Edition|
|Publisher||Springer New York|
|Number of pages||28|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
- Physiology of anorexia nervosa
- Physiology of bulimia nervosa