The object-oriented politics of stadium sustainability: A case study of SC Freiburg

Kyle S. Bunds, Christopher M. McLeod, Martin Barrett, Joshua I. Newman, Joerg Koenigstorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Sport stadia are political objects that carry an environmental cost. The purpose of this research is to add to previous literature by theorizing the political process of stadium construction in a way that accounts for how environmental issues are introduced into the political process and, therefore, offers a more accurate lens through which to interpret how sustainable stadia are constructed. We conducted a case study of SC Freiburg's carbon-neutral stadium construction process to theorize the object-oriented politics of sport facility construction. SC Freiburg is a German football club, playing in the Bundesliga. To examine the case, we employed a key informant interview and document analysis using Nexis Uni searches, local newspaper articles, official city documents, and social media websites. The case study of SC Freiburg's carbon neutral stadium construction process showed that environmental concerns were included through a political process that incorporated the interests of a diverse public of human and nonhuman actors (while excluding some actors whose interests could not be reconciled) to produce a sustainable matter of fact. Additionally, we propose a pragmatic definition of stadium sustainability and suggest that environmental activists should make sure that both human and nonhuman actors with sustainability concerns are included in the stadium's material public.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6712
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • Bundesliga
  • Football
  • Freiburg
  • Material public
  • Stadium


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