The melting behavior of organic materials confined in porous solids

Catheryn L. Jackson, Gregory B. McKenna

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Abstract

The solid-liquid phase transition temperatures and heats of fusion ΔHf of nonpolar organic solids confined in the pores of controlled pore glasses were measured by differential scanning calorimetry. The pore diameters d were in the range of 40-730 Å and the organics studied were cis-decalin, trans-decalin, cyclohexane, benzene, chlorobenzene, naphthalene, and heptane. In accordance with previous reports on studies of primarily inorganic materials, the melting point of the pore solid T(d) decreased with decreasing pore diameter. In addition, a large reduction in the bulk enthalpy of fusion ΔHf of the pore solid was measured, which apparently has not been studied in detail by other workers. A linear correlation was found between the melting point depression (ΔT m) and the reciprocal diameter, as predicted by theories of solidification in a capillary. The calculated values of the solid-liquid interfacial energy σsl were in reasonable agreement with values reported in the literature based on other methods of measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9002-9011
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume93
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

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