The MAVERIC Survey: Radio Catalogs and Source Counts from Deep Very Large Array Imaging of 25 Galactic Globular Clusters

Laura Shishkovsky, Jay Strader, Laura Chomiuk, Evangelia Tremou, Vlad Tudor, James C.A. Miller-Jones, Arash Bahramian, Craig O. Heinke, Thomas J. Maccarone, Gregory R. Sivakoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The MAVERIC survey is the first deep radio continuum imaging survey of Milky Way globular clusters, with a central goal of finding and classifying accreting compact binaries, including stellar-mass black holes. Here we present radio source catalogs for 25 clusters with ultra-deep Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array observations. The median observing time was 10 hr per cluster, resulting in typical rms sensitivities of 2.3 and 2.1 μJy per beam at central frequencies of 5.0 and 7.2 GHz, respectively. We detect nearly 1300 sources in our survey at 5σ, and while many of these are likely to be background sources, we also find strong evidence for an excess of radio sources in some clusters. The radio spectral index distribution of sources in the cluster cores differs from the background, and shows a bimodal distribution. We tentatively classify the steep-spectrum sources (those much brighter at 5.0 GHz) as millisecond pulsars and the flat-spectrum sources as compact or other kinds of binaries. These provisional classifications will be solidified with the future addition of X-ray and optical data. The outer regions of our images represent a deep, relatively wide-field (∼0.4 deg2) and high-resolution C band background survey, and we present source counts calculated for this area. We also release radio continuum images for these 25 clusters to the community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume903
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

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