The Marianismo Beliefs Scale: Validation with Mexican American Adolescent Girls and Boys

Brandy Watson, Linda G. Castillo, Eunju Jung, Lizette Ojeda, Rosalinda Castillo-Reyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Gender roles are a basic organizing feature in Latina/o families (Cauce & Domenech- Rodriguez, 2002), in which female and male gender roles are clearly defined and are captured by the constructs of marianismo (Castillo, Perez, Castillo, & Ghosheh, 2010) and machismo (Arciniega, Anderson, Tovar-Blank, & Tracey, 2008), respectively. Latina/o adolescents are socialized to Latina/o culture’s gender role beliefs and expectations; however, research tends to be limited to its respective gender (e.g., studies of marianismo focusing only on women). The present study seeks to validate and explore gender differences in the Marianismo Beliefs Scale (MBS; Castillo et al., 2010) with both Mexican American adolescent boys and girls. Participants were 524 Mexican American adolescents in a midsized South Texas city. A categorical confirmatory factor analysis (CCFA) was performed to test the factor structure and measurement invariance across gender. Results of the CCFA provided a modified 5-factor vers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-130
JournalJournal of Latina/o Psychology
StatePublished - 2014


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